{5 nhật ký Đặng Thùy Trâm

Reading Dang Thuy Tram’s diary, reading a person’s confession is like seeing the mind of a whole class of young people of the era. Reading the weak emotions of humanity is like seeing a strong and courageous nation. To gain a deeper understanding, you practice the topics. Read and understand Dang Thuy Tram’s diary Compiled by Trinh Hoai Duc High School

Read and understand Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 1

Read the following passage and answer questions 1 to 4:

19.5.1970

Thank you for your letter, my mother, every word, every word of yours is filled with love, like the blood flowing to my heart longing for love. Oh! Does anyone understand how much my heart longs to live among the family, even if it’s just for a moment? I still understand that from the moment I stepped into the car that took me down the road of bombs. But I still left for the cause. For the past three years, every step of the way, among the many mixed sounds of the battlefield, there has always been a gentle, earnest sound that has a volume higher than all thunderbolts. in my heart. It is the voice of the North of love, of mother, father, sister, and all. From the rustling limes on Dai La Street, from the rushing sound of the Red River’s waves to the chaotic sounds of the capital’s life, it still resonates in me unrelentingly.

(Excerpt from the Diary of Dang Thuy Tram, Writers’ Association Publishing House, Hanoi, 2005)

Question 1: What language is the passage written in?

Verse 2: Which mode of expression is used in the passage?

Question 3: What is the “ideal” that the martyr – doctor Dang Thuy Tram mentioned in the above paragraph?

Question 4: Reading the diary entry, what touched you the most?

Question 5: What do you think about the sacrifice of young people in the resistance wars against foreign invaders of the nation? (presented in about 7 lines)

Answers Read and understand Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 1

Question 1:

To do the test for this corpus, students need to note that there are 6 language styles (life, art, journalism, administration – public affairs, politics, science), and they need to understand characteristics of each type of linguistic style clearly as well as understand its nature. The above question only asks students to choose and answer what is the linguistic style in the corpus, but they need to ask themselves: “Is the corpus really written in linguistic style? that or not? Are there any specific signs or words that indicate that it belongs to that linguistic style?”. When the children find specific signs, choose the language style that is represented by the most signs, re-evaluate the characteristics of the language style to see if it matches their thinking, it will is the answer to this question.

For the above corpus, they see the genre of the text (diary), so it is not mistaken for the artistic language style but for the living language style, which uses specific words to express the style of the language. the way language works. Thus, when doing this type of lesson, you need to pay attention to the genre of the text because it is also one of the factors that help identify the style of language used.

Answer: Living language style

Verse 2:

Regarding the mode of expression, students should pay attention to being asked “the main mode of expression”, so it is necessary to mention 1 main mode of expression in the above excerpt. In addition, for questions that require knowledge at the level of knowledge, students only need to briefly respond to the request, without rambling and leading around before entering the official question. This not only saves their time, but also helps them impress the examiner with its brevity and conciseness.

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Answer: Expressive expression.

Question 3:

To answer this question, students need to grasp the gist of the entire passage cited and understand the nature of the word “ideal” mentioned in the question. They read the passage carefully, underline the key words that express the meaning of the word “ideal” and then string it together to determine what the “ideal” of the author wants to convey in it. They should never answer emotionally, but need to know where their answer comes from, why they think it is the correct answer. When there are certain bases, the answer will be closest to the answer and the easiest to earn points. Sometimes the answer is not as complicated as you think, so it should not be answered arbitrarily, but with a basis.

Suggested answer:

The “ideal” that martyr – doctor Dang Thuy Tram mentioned in the above paragraph is the ideal of sacrificing his youth to fight for the liberation of the South and reunification of the country.

In addition to the above answer, students can have other expressions but need to be close to the content being asked. The answer on the lead is the core sample that is briefly expressed, the answer needs to be more profound, for example, how do you see that ideal expressed in specific words, you can quote so that the examiner can see your base.

Question 4:

Students need to give their own opinions, but they need to stick to the content of the informational text given in the topic, to avoid rambling on to other issues. Many students understand the problem, but the citation is unreasonable and inappropriate, so it is easy to lose points.

It is important for these low application questions that they understand the nature of the problem as it relates to themselves. The question tests your ability to understand and relate to yourself, needs real bases and vibrations.

Suggested answer:

For the above problem, students can point out that they are nostalgia for their mother, for family, for Hanoi, and for the North, but all must be repressed with the ideal of a young girl.

Question 5:

Students present their own thoughts, which ensure some of the following:

– They sacrificed their green age and young life for the ideal of independence and national unification.

– The next generation respects and is grateful to the generations who have sacrificed themselves to have the Fatherland, today’s life

Read and understand Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 2

I/ READING – UNDERSTANDING: (3.0 points)

Read the following excerpt and make the requests:

“One more year of life, so the age of thirty is not far away. In a few years, I will become a proper old cadre. Thinking about that makes me feel a little sad. My youth has passed in fire and smoke, the war has robbed me of happiness in love and youth. Who doesn’t yearn for spring, who doesn’t want the shine in their eyes and plump lips when life is still in their twenties? But… the twenties of this era had to put aside the happy dreams they were supposed to have…”

(Diary of Dang Thuy Tram – Writers’ Association Publishing House, 2005)

Question 1: What language is the above excerpt written in? (1.0 point)

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Verse 2: What does the quote above describe the author’s feelings? (1.0 point)

Question 3: Identify and state the effect of a rhetorical device used in the passage. (1.0 point)

Answers Reading and understanding Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 2

Question 1

The text is written in the style of daily life language (1.0 VND)

Verse 2

It is the confession of a young doctor in the midst of a fierce battle in the New Year’s moment. A confession of regret for youth but also ready to dedicate youth. (1.0 dong)

Verse 3

The rhetoric used is: 0.5đ

– Rhetorical question: Who doesn’t yearn for spring, Who doesn’t want the sparkle in their eyes and plump lips when life is still in their twenties?

– Alliteration: Who doesn’t…

Effect: 0.5d. Emphasizing, affirming and highlighting the aspiration, the earnestness for spring and youth in each person.

Read and understand Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 3

READING (3.0 points)

Read the following excerpt:

“14.7” [69]

Today is my father’s birthday, I remember that day in the midst of bombs and bullets. Just yesterday a sudden firestorm killed five people and injured two. I was also in the fire of those extremely heavy cannons. Everyone has not yet passed the fear of surprise. However, I am still the same as before, remembering, worrying, and drunken heavy weight in my heart. Parents and siblings love, out there, parents and children can’t see all the life here. Life is extremely heroic, extremely arduous, dying and sacrificing is easier than eating a meal. Yet people still persevered to fight. I am also one of those thousands of people, I live fighting and thinking that I will fall for the future of the nation. Tomorrow in the song of triumph there will be no children. I am proud to have dedicated my life to the Fatherland.”

(Excerpt from the Diary of Dang Thuy Tram, Writers’ Association Publishing House, 2016, p.160)

Make requests:

Question 1. Which words and images in the excerpt show the fierceness of the war?

Verse 2. In the excerpt, who is the writer’s nostalgia directed to? What kind of person does that sentiment show the author of the diary?

Verse 3. Point out and state the effect of comparative rhetoric in the following sentence: “Life is extremely heroic, extremely difficult, dying and sacrificing is easier than eating a meal.”

Verse 4. Your thoughts on the confession of female martyr, Doctor Dang Thuy Tram: “I am also one of those thousands of people, I live fighting and think I will fall for the future of the nation. “

Answers Reading and understanding Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 3

Question 1.

Picture words expressing the ferocity of war:

– Bombs explode.

– A sudden barrage of fire kills five and injures two.

– I am also in the fire of those extremely heavy cannons.

– It’s easier to die a sacrifice than to eat a meal.

Verse 2

– The writer’s nostalgia is directed to parents and children, who have sacrificed the blood of the Fatherland and towards themselves.

– That sentiment shows that the author of the diary is a person rich in emotion, reflection and courage to sacrifice for the independence of the Fatherland.

Verse 3

– Comparative rhetoric: “It is easier to die than to eat a meal”.

Effect: Emphasizing the fierceness of war, showing that danger is always lurking around, every moment can be sacrificed at any time. Thereby also condemning the barbarity and brutality of war.

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Verse 4

Doctor Dang Thuy Tram’s confession line shows:

– Female martyrs accept death, even proud to be in the ranks of fighting to protect a country, for the future of the nation.

– Overcoming the fear of death is the rise, following the example of those who have gone before, being resilient and brave to persevere to fight.

=> Through this, we further admire and be grateful to the soldiers who sacrificed for the Fatherland. At the same time, this confession is also a reminder to our young generation today: to live in a peaceful time no longer have to hear the sound of bombs and bullets exploding, there are many conditions to develop and build the country, so live your life in a way worthy of your father’s generation, don’t “live forever, live a wasteful life”.

Read and understand Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 4

Read the following text carefully and fulfill the requirements below:

“One more year of life, so the age of thirty is not far away. In a few years, I will become a proper old cadre. Thinking about that makes me feel a little sad. My youth has passed in fire and smoke, the war has robbed me of happiness in love and youth. Who doesn’t yearn for spring, who doesn’t want the shine in their eyes and plump lips when life is still in their twenties? But… the twenties of this era had to put aside the happy dreams they were supposed to have…”

(Diary of Dang Thuy Tram – Writers’ Association Publishing House, 2005)

Question 1: The above text is written in what language style and in what form? State the basic features of that style of language. (1.0 point)

Verse 2: What does the text above describe the author’s feelings? (1.0 point)

Question 3: Identify the rhetorical device used in the above text and state its effects. (1.0 point)

Answers Reading and understanding Dang Thuy Tram’s diary – Topic 4

Question 1 (1.0 points)

– The text is written in the style of living language (speech); expressed in writing (0.5 points)

– Characteristics of living language style: specificity, emotionality and individuality

+ Correctly state all the characteristics (0.5 points)

+ Indicate missing or wrong (- 0.25 points)

Verse 2 (1.0 points)

It is the confession of a young doctor in the midst of a fierce battle in the New Year’s moment. A confession of regret for youth but also ready to dedicate youth.

Verse 3 (1.0 points)

The rhetorical devices used are:

– Rhetorical question: Who doesn’t yearn for spring, Who doesn’t want the sparkle in their eyes and plump lips when life is still in their twenties?

– Alliteration: Who doesn’t…

Effect: Emphasizing, affirming and highlighting the aspiration, the earnestness for spring and youth in each person.

– Score 0.5: Correctly answer 1 of the 2 rhetorical measures in the above way

– Score 0.5: Correctly state the effect

Posted by: Trinh Hoai Duc High School

Category: Grade 12, Literature 12

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